On 1-5 April, 2019 the headquarters of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), governing body of the International Plant Protection Convention, hosted the 14th session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM-14).
The Russian Federation is represented by the Rosselkhoznadzor delegation headed by Service Deputy Head Julia Shvabauskene. The delegation also comprises FGBI “VNIIKR” Director Alexander Sapozhnikov, FGBI “VNIIKR” Deputy Director Oksana Dobrovolskaya, FGBI “Federal Centre of Quality and Safety Assurance for Grain and Grain products” Director Julia Koroleva and FGBI “Federal Centre of Quality and Safety Assurance for Grain and Grain products” Department Head Sergey Potapov.
On April 1, apart from the CPM-14 daily plenary sessions the Russian delegation headed by Julia Shvabauskene took part in the Pre-session on electronic phytosanitary certification (ePhyto) which demonstrated and presented latest developments in the ePhyto draft Decision.
Besides, in the course of the CPM-14 the Rosselkhoznadzor delegation will take part in five parallel sessions and a special topical session on various issues related to plant health. They will comprise:
• development of phytosanitary potential;
• standards for goods and distribution ways;
• promotion of development of safe trade in plants and plant products;
• key digital tools for monitoring and managing cross-border harmful organisms of plants;
• risks related to sea containers and consignments.
On Saturday, April 6, immediately after the CPM-14 a coordination partner session on the International Year of Plant Health (IYPH) will take place.
On April 2, on the CPM-14 margins, the representatives of the Rosselkhoznadzor and Directorate of the Central Phytosanitary Service of the Ministry for Agricultural, Food and Forest Policies and Tourism of the Italian Republic held consultations on the initiative of the Italian side. Rosselkhoznadzor Deputy Head Julia Shvabauskene participated in the consultations from the Russian side and Director of the Central Phytosanitary Service of the Ministry for Agricultural, Food and Forest Policies and Tourism of the Italian Republic Bruno Caio Faraglia – from the Italian side. One of the main issues raised by the Italian side were restrictions introduced by the Rosselkhoznadzor on imports of planting stock from five Italian nursery gardens due to detection of the grape bacterial wilt agent.
Julia Shvabauskene remarked that the Rosselkhoznadzor has been concerned about the quality of the grape planting material imported from Italy to Russia since 2013. The bacterial wilt agent has been reported in the EU where it is a regulated species. The Rosselkhoznadzor has repeatedly detected the bacterial wilt agent in the grape planting material popular among the Russian consumers. In the present time the agent has been detected in five nurseries. Unfortunately, the Italian party has not taken comprehensive measures for ensuring export of safe planting material and has not provided information on the measures taken. The representatives of the All Russian Plant Quarantine Centre FGBI VNIIKR studied major reasons of differences in the results of laboratory tests performed in Italy and in Russia. The Italian party mentioned that it is not going to contest the results obtained in the Russian laboratories but it wants to see into the reasons for the differences in the test results. The Rosselkhoznadzor representatives invited the Italian colleagues to perform joint testing in the FGBI VNIIKR.
Besides, the Italian party touched upon an issue of the restrictions imposed on import of some planting material due to detection of strawberry anthracnose in two nurseries in 2017. The Rosselkhoznadzor representatives remarked that the Central Phytosanitary Service has not yet presented a set of corrective measures which were to be taken in these nurseries. The Italian party promised to provide the Rosselkhoznadzor with the information on measures taken to control the planting material during its vegetation, data on disease and pest control carried out in the nurseries, existing identification systems, including voluntary systems, results of validating test methods in the Italian laboratory. Besides, the parties discussed the possibility of signing the agreement on attestation of planting material production sites, joint activities on improvement of Xylophylus ampelinus diagnostic methods and invitation of several Italian laboratories to the FGBI VNIIKR.