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Temporary Restrictions Imposed on Import of Some Plant Products from Poland

The Rosselkhoznadzor has been recently concerned about regular violations of the international and Russian phytosanitary requirements detected in consignments of plant products imported from Poland to Russia. 916 violations of international requirements for phytosanitary documents were detected in 2013 and this concern was negotiated with the State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service of Poland in November 2013 (http://www.fsvps.ru/fsvps/news/8228.html?_language=en ), when the Polish side undertook extra commitments to ensure reliable phytosanitary certification of the regulated goods. Despite it, 513 violations have been detected since the negotiations and the situation suggests low efficiency of measures taken by the Polish side.

The Rosselkhoznadzor often drew attention of the Polish side to regular detections of quarantine pests in the regulated products imported to Russia (http://www.fsvps.ru/fsvps/news/9635.html?_language=en ). For example, 27 cases of infestation have been detected since the beginning of the year, when products imported to Russian were infested with two quarantine pests western flower thrips, (Frankliniella occidentalis Perg.) and Oriental fruit moth (Grapholitha molesta Busck). The Rosselkhoznadzor experts are especially concerned about Oriental fruit moth because in accordance with the official data provided by the State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service of Poland and by the EPPO database PQR version 5.3.1.  (http://newpqr.eppo.int/download.php), Poland is free from Oriental fruit moth. However, the Rosselkhoznadzor detected the pest in Polish products earlier – 1 case in 2010; 19 cases in 2012. Therefore, the Rosselkhoznadzor believes that the Polish side either has no reliable information on the phytosanitary status of the national territory or it exports products from third countries under the guise of their own products, indicating Poland as the origin.

The Rosselkhoznadzor informed both the State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service of Poland and Director General of DG SANCO Mrs. Paola Testori Coggi about the situation (http://www.fsvps.ru/fsvps/news/9877.html?_language=en ).

Despite the fact that complaints made by the Rosselkhoznadzor to the Polish side were recognized well-grounded, at the negotiations carried out in Kaliningrad on the 3rd of July this year (http://www.fsvps.ru/fsvps/news/10332.html?_language=en ) and in the following letters, the State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service of Poland provided no investigation materials, no phytosanitary safety plan for Polish plant products exported to Russia, no data on monitoring in Poland to detect Oriental fruit moth.

In addition to it, the Rosselkhoznadzor noted that the Polish plant products pose risks for public health due to high levels of pesticide residues and nitrates. Within the phytosanitary monitoring the territorial administration of the Rosselkhoznadzor for Moscow, the Moscow Oblast and the Tula Oblast detected 211 consignments of Polish horticultural products (total weight of 3.7 thousand tons) where pesticides levels were 2 to 15 times higher than MALs. High levels of pesticides were reported in 90% of tested Polish apples.

Taking into account the whole range of risks associated with the situation and taking into account point 1a of Article VII of the IPPC (Rome, 1951, edited in 1997), the Rosselkhoznadzor considers it possible to take urgent measures, i.e. to impose on the 1st of August, 2014 temporary restrictions on import of the following plant products from Poland to Russia and import of Polish products to Russia through the third countries:

- Fresh apples, pears and queen-apples (FEACN code 0808);

- Apricots, cherries, bird-cherries, peaches, nectarines, plums and sloeberries (FEACN code 0809);

- Headed cabbage, cauliflower, kohlrabi, borecole and equivalent edible vegetables of Brassica genus, fresh and chilled (FEACN code 0704);

- Other vegetables, fresh or chilled (FEACN code 0709)

Restrictions imposed for FEACN code 0709 do not cover fresh mushrooms.

The Rosselkhoznadzor has warned many times the Ministry of Agriculture and rural development of Poland, the State Plant Health and Seed Inspection Service of Poland (22.05.2014 No. FS-AS-3/8395) and DG SANCO (23.05.2014 No. FS-SD-3/8486) that there is a possibility to take such measures (letters dd. 21.04.2014 No. FS-SD-3/6492 and dd. 26.05.2014 No. FS-AS-3/863).

 

Jul 30, 2014

Categorys: Phytosanitary , Import. Export. Transit