During the 84th OIE General Session
and under the umbrella of EuFMD, OIE, FAO and GF-TADs a meeting for the
establishment of sub-regional approach to the control of FMD and other highly
dangerous diseases in the Transcaucasia countries was held on May 25, 2016.
Representatives of the Russian Federation, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia,
Turkey, Iran and European Commission participated in the meeting.
The countries presented their views and
opinions during the discussion of possible implementation of such sub-regional
Given the size of Russia, Turkey and Iran
regions where the approach will be used were determined. In Russia they will
include regions of Southern and North-Caucasian Federal Districts, in Turkey –
provinces of Eastern Anatolia and northern regions in Iran. List of the most
topical animal diseases was made that included FMD, peste-des-petits ruminants,
lumpy skin disease, sheep and goat pox and African swine fever.
In view of the fact that FMD endemic countries
notify OIE and neighboring countries of the actual epidemic situation only twice
a year representatives of a number of countries proposed to establish a
regional disease notification system involving essential monthly notification
of the epidemic situation changes.
Need for involvement of the OIE and FAO
Reference Centres and of the FGBI “ARRIAH” first of all was voiced and
supported. Under the project the Reference Centres will act to the extent of
their mandates, i.e. they will organize inter-laboratory comparisons, perform
diagnostic tests and provide guidance upon application. They will also send their
experts to perform epidemic investigations.
Need for joint exercise including disease
outbreak simulation was specifically focused on. These exercises should aim at
the exchange of practical know-how in the environment closely approximate to
In closing of the meeting draft agreement was
made that is to be signed by the representatives of the participating countries
and international organizations. This agreement incorporates the plan for the
project’s consistent implementation.
This is the first sub-regional project for the
control of animal disease spread in the territory of the countries of the